Reports

The Comparative Analysis Report on Safety Audits done in Delhi Bogota Nairobi

Introduction   Urbanization is one of the key processes of social change taking place today. In 2003, the world became more than 50% urban and this is growing each year. The growth of cities has provided opportunities for education, employment, and habitation for millions of people. At the same time, growing urbanization has also exacerbated existing problems as well as thrown up new problems. These include congestion, poverty, pollution and crime among others. Urban spaces provide new opportunities for people to build their homes and lives while reinforcing existing inequalities and often creating new ones. Safety of citizens and freedom from crime and violence in cities has become a central concern with growing urbanization. Women and others such as elderly, migrants and people in low-income neighborhoods are particularly vulnerable and face safety as a major concern.  City governments and other stakeholders such as the police are responsible for providing infrastructure and services to make cities safer for everyone. Creating safe and inclusive public spaces has been recognized as important both through SDG11 as well as the New Urban Agenda. Well designed and well maintained public spaces are essential to the well-being of city inhabitants and promote sustainability as well as safety. This project ‘Using Data to build Safer Cities’ supported under the Cities Alliance Catalytic Fund has been carried out to provide reliable data to city governments to address this problem as well as suggest solutions to create safer and inclusive public spaces.  The project has been implemented in three cities across continents - Delhi (India), Bogota (Colombia) and Nairobi (Kenya). It has been carried out in partnership with Nairobi City County, District Secretary of Women, Bogota, and Government of National Capital Territory (NCT), Delhi The role of local government is crucial in addressing the safety concerns through urban management and governance. In each city, data was collected using the Safetipin apps and technology platform and shared with local stakeholders. The data has been collected with the aim of identifying key problem and areas for improvement. This report shares the findings from the data collection in all three cities as well how the data has been used by the cities to create safer and more inclusive public spaces and streets. Some of the changes recommended include designing streets to reduce opportunities for crime, improved street lighting, reorganizing markets and bus terminals, addressing last mile connectivity and encouraging community participation in designing and managing streets and public spaces.   Methodology   Safetipin is a technology platform which works to make communities and cities safer by providing safety-related information collected by users and by trained auditors. At the core of the app is the Safety Audit. A Safety Audit is a participatory tool for collecting and assessing information about perceptions of urban safety in public spaces.   The audit is based on nine parameters – Lighting, Openness, Visibility, Crowd, Security, Walkpath, Availability of Public Transport, Gender Diversity and Feeling. Each parameter is rated 0/1/2/3 with 0 being Poor rating and 3 being Good. All parameters except Feeling are completely objective and are rated on the basis of a well-defined rubric. The app is available in the app stores for free and was used by trained volunteers in collaboration with NGO partners and City Government to conduct audits. The audits were conducted post-sunset till 10 pm at night. Data was also collected using the Safetipin Nite app. This app (not available in app stores) collects photographs which are geotagged and have time stamps. Phones with this app installed were mounted on the windshield of cars. As the car moves, photographs are continuously taken of the footpath side of the road. In addition to taxis, smartphones were mounted on bicycles to capture the photographs of the cycle track in Bogota. The photographs were analyzed by a team of coders and reviewed on a daily basis to produce maps of the city.  Additional data indicating the issue (absence of streetlights, non-functioning streetlights, broken or no pavement, type of public transport) was also recorded for the parameters of Lighting, Walkpath, Visibility and Public Transport.   DELHI   Delhi, or the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi, is a city and Union Territory of India. It is also one of the five mega cities of India i.e. it has a population of more than 10 million. Having an average density of 225pph the city spans over 1483 square kilometers. As per Census of India 2011, it currently has a population of 16,349,831 which makes it the most populous urban agglomeration of India and the third largest urban area in the world. The United Nations World Cities Report 2016 says that an additional 9.6million people are expected to move to Delhi by 2030.   Download Full Report in PDF Click Here  

Bengaluru A Safety Analysis Report

Safetipin is a map-based mobile phone and online application, which works to make communities and cities safer by providing safetyrelated information collected by users and by trained auditors. At the core of the app is the Safety Audit. A Safety Audit is a participatory tool for collecting and assessing information about perceptions ofsafety in public spaces. The audit is based on nine parameters – Lighting, Openness, Visibility, Crowd, Security, Walkpath, Availability of PublicTransport, Gender Diversity, and Feeling.   Methodology   The safety audits have been generated using two methods. First, manual audits were conducted by volunteers from WRI India and B-PAC using My Safetipin app.   Secondly, safety audits have been generated using the Safetipin Nite app. The assessment was done post sunset till 10 pm. Mobile phones were mounted on the windshield of the taxis’, and using the app photographs of the city roads were taken. These photographs were then assessed based on the eight audit parameters to generate audit pins at each location.   A total of 17,128 audits have been generated over 1,431 km of road length. Overall, the Safety Score for Bengaluru is rated 3.2/5 i.e. Good.   Safety Score   The Safety Score of a point is a reflection of the perception of safety at that particular location. For each audit point, it is a number between 0and 5, 0 being Poor i.e. Very Unsafe and 5 being Excellent in terms of overall safety. Indicated in the pie chart is the percentagedistribution of pins in each range. The Safety Score has also been indicated in the map below.   Parameter Ratings Each of the nine parameters is rated 0/1/2/3, 0 being the poorest and 3 good. The average parameter rating graph indicates the overallaverage rating for each parameter. Lighting parameter has been rated the highest followed by Openness, Walkpath, and Public Transport. Security and Gender Usage are the least rated parameter i.e. Poor. The overall feeling of Safety for the city of Bengaluru is rated Below Average. Parameter-wise Pin Distribution The Parameter wise pin distribution graph indicates the number of points rated 0/1/2/3 i.e. the good points as positive and poor ratings asnegative. The parameter of Security, Gender Usage, Visibility, and Crowd have been rated poorly for the most parts of the city. Lighting and accessibility to Public Transport need to be improved in some parts of the city. Download Full Report in PDF Click Here  

Bhopal City A Safety Analysis Report

Safetipin, is a map-based mobile phone and online application, which works to make communities and cities safer by providing safety related information collected by users and by trained auditors. At the core of the app is the Safety Audit. A Safety Audit is a participatory tool for collecting and assessing information about perceptions of safety in public spaces. The audit is based on nine parameters – Lighting, Openness, Visibility, Crowd, Security, Walkpath, Availability of Public Transport, Gender Diversity and Feeling. Methodology   The safety audits have been generated using two methods. First, manual audits were conducted by volunteers from WRI and Sangini organization using My Safetipin app. A total of 2599 manual audits have been conducted. Secondly, safety audits have been generatedusing the Safetipin Nite app. The assessment was done post sunset till 10 pm. ‘My Cab’, local taxis of Bhopal were hired for this purpose. Mobile phones were mounted on the windshield and using the app photographs of the city roads were taken. These photographs were then assessed based on the eight audit parameters to generate audit pins at each location. In Bhopal, 180 km of road length was mapped generating 4,389 audit pins. Overall, the Safety Score for Bhopal is rated 2.9/5 i.e. Fair.   Safety Score   The Safety Score of a point is a reflection of the perception of safety at that particular location. For each audit point it is a number between 0 and 5, 0 being Poor i.e. Very Unsafe and 5 being Excellent in terms of overall safety. Indicated in the pie chart is the percentage distribution of pins in each range. The Safety Score has also been indicated in the map below. Around 41% of the audit points were found to be safe whereas 29% of the points were rated below average and needs improvement. Parameter Ratings: Each of the nine parameters is rated 0/1/2/3, 0 being the poorest and 3 good. The average parameter ratings graph indicates the overall average rating for each parameter. Openness parameter has been rated the highest followed by Lighting, Walkpath and Public Transport. Security and Gender Usage are the least rated parameter i.e. Poor. The overall feeling of Safety for the city of Bhopal is rated Below Average. Parameter-wise Pin Distribution: The Parameter wise pin distribution graph indicates the number of points rated 0/1/2/3 i.e. the good points as positive and poor ratings as negative. The parameter of Security, Gender Usage, Visibility and Crowd have been rated poorly for the most parts of the city. Lighting and Walkpath needs to be improved in the city. Download Full Report in PDF Click Here  

GUWAHATI CITY A Safety Analysis Report

Safetipin is a map-based mobile phone and online application, which works to make communities and cities safer by providing safety-related information collected by users and by trained auditors. At the core of the app is the Safety Audit. A Safety Audit is a participatory tool for collecting and assessing information about perceptions of urban safety in public spaces. The audit is based on nine parameters – The audit is based on nine parameters – Lighting, Openness, Visibility, Crowd, Security, Walk path, Availability of Public Transport, GenderDiversity and Feeling. The safety audits were generated using two Safetipin apps i.e. My SafetiPin and Safetipin Nite. The assessment was done post sunset till 10 pm. A total of 4422 audits has been generated over 330 km of road length. Overall, the Safety Score for Guwahati is rated 2.5/5 i.e. Fair.   Parameter Ratings: Each of the nine parameters is rated 0/1/2/3, 0 being the poorest and 3 good. The average parameter rating graph indicates the overall average rating for each parameter. Openness parameter has been rated the highest followed by Walk path, Lighting, and Visibility. Security and Gender Usage are the least rated parameter i.e. Poor. The overall feeling of Safety for the city of Guwahati is rated Below Average.   Parameter-wise Pin Distribution: The Parameter wise pin distribution graph indicates the number of points rated 0/1/2/3 i.e. the good points as positive and poor ratings as negative. The parameter of Security, Gender Usage, Public Transport, and Crowd have been rated poorly for the most parts of the city. Visibility and Lighting need to be improved in some parts of the city.   Gap Impact Analysis: All parameters do not have an equal impact on the perception of safety. It is, therefore, useful to know how an improvement in each parameter will impact the Safety Score of the area. The Impact Bar shown indicates the extent of influence and the relative impact that each parameter has on the perception of safety. The combined length indicates the impact potential of the parameter. The parameters with the maximum combined length have the highest impact on the perception of safety and vice versa i.e. Lighting has the maximum impact and Transportation the least. The positive length (in green) indicates the extent of a provision that has already been made on the ground. The negative length (in red) indicates the (remaining) amount of improvement needed to increase the Safety Score. Since, increase in Crowd and Gender Usage is dependent on other parameters, improving Visibility and Security on the streets of Guwahati will result in safer public spaces.   Download Full Report in PDF Click Here  

Jakarta City A Safety Analysis

SafetiPin is a map-based mobile phone and online application, which works to make communities and cities safer by providing safety-related information collected by users and by trained auditors. At the core of the app is the Women’s Safety Audit. A Women’s Safety Audit (WSA) is a participatory tool for collecting and assessing information about perceptions of urban safety in public spaces. The audit is based on nine parameters – Lighting, Openness, Visibility, Crowd, Security, Walk path, Availability of Public Transport,Gender Diversity and Feeling. Safetipin, in collaboration with Pulih organization and UN Women, conducted safety audits in Jakarta, Indonesia. The audits were conducted post sunset along the major routes of the city. A total of 2095 safety audits has been generated. Of this 442 audits were conducted by volunteers using the My Safetipin app. Overall, the Safety Score for Jakarta is rated 2.5/5 i.e. Fair.     Safety Score   Safety Audits in Jakarta indicate that out of the 442 location points audited, 13% of audit locations have been given a Safety Score less than 1 (out of 5). 11% of audit points have scores in the range of 1.0-1.9 while 14% locations score between 2.0-2.9. 12% of locations have a Safety Score between 3.0-3.9 and 50% of location score 4.0 and above.   However, when we look at the parameters separately, most of them are rated average. Of the nine parameters, only two parameters namely Lighting and Openness have been rated Above Average. Walk path is rated Average while all the other parameters are below average.   As seen in the pictures below, hawkers provide eyes on the street thus acting as natural surveillance (Pic 1). However, pedestrians are not seen using these stretches at night, therefore Crowd and Gender Usage is rated the lowest (Pic 2 and 3). Overall, Feeling of safety has been rated as Below Average.   Download Full Report in PDF Click Here  

Gurgaon Safety Analysis Report By Safetipin

SafetiPin is a map-based mobile phone and online application, which works to make communities and cities safer by providing safety-related information collected by users and by trained auditors. At the core of the app is the Women’s Safety Audit. A Women’s Safety Audit (WSA) is a participatory tool for collecting and assessing information about perceptions of urban safety in public spaces.  The audit is based on nine parameters – Lighting, Openness, Visibility, Crowd, Security, Walk path, Availability of Public Transport, Gender Diversity, and Feeling. Safetipin has been conducting safety audits of Gurgaon since August 2013 and a total of 7195 audits have been done.   The Safety Score along this stretch is 2.4/5. 37% of the city has been rated as safe while 20% was audited to offer average levels of safety and 42% of the city has been rated poorly. Walk path, Openness and Feeling parameters have been rated Average for Gurgaon. All other parameters havebeen rated as Below Average or Poor. Lighting has been rated Below Average. While streetlights have been installed along most of the roads, many road stretches were found to be poorly lit on account of no or un-operational streetlights. Along with some stretches, the streetlights have been installed only on one side of the road.  This results in a poorly lit footpath on the other side. Regular maintenance checks need to be carried out to ensure that the streetlights are operational post sunset. Along roads where currently no streetlights have been installed, pedestrian-scale street lights should be installed along the footpath. Along with some stretches of the Golf Course Road, the LED streetlights do not offer sufficient levels of illumination. The lux level in such cases needs to be increased. The Public Transport parameter has been rated well along the metro corridor and along markets and outside the entrances of housing societies. However, most of the city does not have any form of public transportation facility resulting in a poor rating for this parameter. The limited bus and metro network caters to a very small area of the city. Paratransit facilities too are limited and in the absence of proper metering of fares, these are not a favored option. Also, there are no para-transit stands from where these facilities can be availed. A proper bus service needs to be put in place and bus stops are constructed at least along the main arterial and sub-arterial roads. These bus stops should also have para-transit stands to provide proper last mile connectivity. Para-transit stands should be created at regular intervals. Both-these stands and the bus stops should have public toilets.   Download Full Report in PDF Click Here  

My City Initiative Delhi - World Vision India

Safetipin in collaboration with World Vision India conducted safety audits in Lalbagh and Madanpur Khadar. The audits were conducted by the volunteers from the local community group supported by World Vision. SafetiPin is a map-based mobile phone and online application, which works to make communities and cities safer by providing safety-related information collected by users and by trained auditors. At the core of the app is the Women’s Safety Audit. A Women’s Safety Audit (WSA) is a participatory tool for collecting and assessing information about perceptions of urban safety in public spaces. The audit is based on nine parameters – Lighting, Openness, Visibility, Crowd, Security, Walk path, Availability of Public Transport, Gender Diversity, and Feeling. Each parameter is rated 0/1/2/3. The aggregate of the ratings is used to generate a Safety Score for that particular location. The volunteers from each community were trained on the audit methodology. The audits were then conducted post sunset upto 9 pm over a week. In Lalbagh, the entire residential area was audited and a total of 130 audit pins have been generated. In Madanpur Khadar, the New Delhi Main Road from the Sarita Vihar metro station to the residential area of Madanpur Khadar Phase- 2 was audited and a total of 55 audit pins have been generated.   LalbaghSafety Score: 2.5/5   Lalbagh resettlement colony is located in North Delhi besides Azadpur Mandi. It is defined by the Karnal Road towards the north-east, the Ring Road towards the west and the Railway track towards the southeast. It is easily accessible by Bus as well as the Delhi Metro. The Azadpur metro station of the Yellow Line is the nearest metro station. Lalbagh is a high-density settlement which is largely mixed use comprising small scale industries and factory units.   The entire settlement was audited including the main roads, edges and the inner lanes covering important functions like schools, public toilets, and public places like Jhandewala Chowk etc. The route taken by girls to reach the bus stop, metro station and railway station was also audited. Based on the safety audits conducted by the local volunteers, Lalbagh has been given a Safety Score of 2.5/5.   Download Full Report in PDF Click Here  

Bulletin SAFETIPIN BOGOTÄ

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A Safety Analysis Report of the Manila-Quezon City

Safetipin, in collaboration with the ADB Youth for Asia, conducted safety audits in Metro Manila with a focus on Quezon City. The audits by the ADB team were conducted during from July-November 2016.   SafetiPin is a map-based mobile phone and online application, which works to make communities and cities safer by providing safety-related information collected by users and by trained auditors. At the core of the app is the Women’s Safety Audit. A Women’s Safety Audit (WSA) is a participatory tool for collecting and assessing information about perceptions of urban safety in public spaces. The audit is based on nine parameters – Lighting, Openness, Visibility, Crowd, Security, Walk path, Availability of Public Transport, Gender Diversity, and Feeling.   A total of 5,839 safety audits has been generated. Of these 1,946 audits were conducted by volunteers from ADB Youth using the My Safetipin app. 3,893 audits were generated using the Safetipin Nite app. The safety audits conducted by ADB volunteers were focused in Quezon City in areas around the University of the Philippines Diliman, De La Salle University manila, Rizal Memorial Sports Complex, Quezon Road near Litex Montalban Jeepney Terminal, and outside ADB to name a few locations. Based on these audits, the Safety Score for Metro Manila is 3.2/5.   Safety Audits of Manila indicate that out of the 5,839 location points audited, 4% of audit locations have been given a Safety Score less than 1 (out of 5). Another 10% have scored in the range of 1.0-1.9 and 21% locations score between 2.0-2.9. 25% of locations have a Safety Score between 3.0-3.9 and 40% of locations score 4.0 and above.   Of the nine parameters, only three parameters Walk path, Lighting, and Openness have been rated Above Average. Visibility and Public Transport have been rated Average. Security, Crowd, and Gender Usage have been rated Below Average. The overall Feeling of safety has been rated as Average.   Shown below are examples from the University of the Philippines Diliman where the safety score has been rated as low. Here the lighting is poor and the footpath is broken and obstructed. There are no eyes-on-the-street and the access to public transport mode is limited. People are not seeing using these stretches at night. Overall the auditors rated these areas as unsafe.   Download Full Report in PDF Click Here  

How Safe are the Tourist Places in Delhi?

“How safe are the tourist places in Delhi?” is a project initiated by SafetiPin carried out in collaboration with Delhi Tourism and Transportation Development Corporation (DTTDC). This report is based on the safety audits done in June – July 2016, around 10 most popular tourist destinations of Delhi. These places were selected in consultation with Delhi’s Tourism Department, on the basis of their footfall. Audits were conducted to analyze the condition of available infrastructure around them, and suggest recommendations on making tourist places safer, keeping in mind a large number of tourists that visit daily.   The audits were carried out using the “My SafetiPin” App. SafetiPin, is a mapbased mobile phone and online application, which works to make communities and cities safer by providing safety-related information collected by users and by trained auditors. At the core of the app is the Safety Audit. A Safety Audit is a participatory tool for collecting and assessing information about perceptions of urban safety in public spaces. The audit is based on nine parameters – Lighting, Openness, Visibility, Crowd, Security, Walkpath, Availability of Public Transport, Gender Diversity and Feeling at a point. Results of the safety audit are aggregated to a safety score.   The access route to the tourist place i.e. from the nearest metro station to the entry gate of the tourist place was audited to assess the safety of pedestrians. The audits were done in the evening hours of 5pm - 9pm for the 10 tourist places, to evaluate the level of safety and identify ways to improve it. The ten tourist places selected for this project are Akshardham, Garden of Five Senses, Hauz Khas Complex, Humayun’s Tomb, India Gate, Jantar Mantar, Lotus Temple, Purana Qila, Qutub Minar and Rajghat. The average parameterrating for the tourist places can be seen on the next page.   Download Full Report in PDF Click Here