Bhopal City A Safety Analysis Report


Safetipin, is a map-based mobile phone and online application, which works to make communities and cities safer by providing safety related information collected by users and by trained auditors. At the core of the app is the Safety Audit. A Safety Audit is a participatory tool for collecting and assessing information about perceptions of safety in public spaces. The audit is based on nine parameters – Lighting, Openness, Visibility, Crowd, Security, Walkpath, Availability of Public Transport, Gender Diversity and Feeling.



The safety audits have been generated using two methods. First, manual audits were conducted by volunteers from WRI and Sangini organization using My Safetipin app. A total of 2599 manual audits have been conducted. Secondly, safety audits have been generated
using the Safetipin Nite app. The assessment was done post sunset till 10 pm. ‘My Cab’, local taxis of Bhopal were hired for this purpose.

Mobile phones were mounted on the windshield and using the app photographs of the city roads were taken. These photographs were then assessed based on the eight audit parameters to generate audit pins at each location.

In Bhopal, 180 km of road length was mapped generating 4,389 audit pins. Overall, the Safety Score for Bhopal is rated 2.9/5 i.e. Fair.


Safety Score


The Safety Score of a point is a reflection of the perception of safety at that particular location. For each audit point it is a number between 0 and 5, 0 being Poor i.e. Very Unsafe and 5 being Excellent in terms of overall safety. Indicated in the pie chart is the percentage distribution of pins in each range. The Safety Score has also been indicated in the map below. Around 41% of the audit points were found to be safe whereas 29% of the points were rated below average and needs improvement.

Parameter Ratings:

Each of the nine parameters is rated 0/1/2/3, 0 being the poorest and 3 good. The average parameter ratings graph indicates the overall average rating for each parameter.

Openness parameter has been rated the highest followed by Lighting, Walkpath and Public Transport. Security and Gender Usage are the least rated parameter i.e. Poor. The overall feeling of Safety for the city of Bhopal is rated Below Average.

Parameter-wise Pin Distribution:

The Parameter wise pin distribution graph indicates the number of points rated 0/1/2/3 i.e. the good points as positive and poor ratings as negative. The parameter of Security, Gender Usage, Visibility and Crowd have been rated poorly for the most parts of the city. Lighting and Walkpath needs to be improved in the city.

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